EMIL CARLSEN ARCHIVES

Emil Carlsen Archives is a Non-profit organization running the world's largest visual archive of the work of painter Emil Carlsen [1848-1932]

Emil Carlsen : Surf, 1907.

January 1, 1907
Emil Carlsen : Surf, 1907.

ECA Record Control Number: 4236

Archives of American Art #: 42830065, 87230427

Record Level: Item

Record Type: Movable work

Work Title: Surf

Alternate Work Titles:
1907: Surf  [from exhibition catalog]

Work Date: 1907  [date based on first exhibition date & museum website.]

Work Creator: Emil Carlsen [1848-1932]

Work Medium: Oil on canvas
Work Dimensions: 64 x 74 inches

Inscribed/Signed Front: unknown

Verso: unknown

ECA Category: Waterscape
ECA Sub-Category: Surf

Archives of American Art Subjects:
Landscape
Landscape — Rocks
Waterscape
Waterscape — Coast
Waterscape — Sea

Description of Work:

Provenance/Ownership:
1923 ( Butler Institute of American Art [1919- ], 524 Wick Ave, Youngstown, OH 44505  (Accession #923-O-102) ) ;
1910 ( Metropolitan Museum of Art [1870- ], 1000 5th Ave, New York, NY 10028, gift of George Arnold Hearn [1835-1913] ) ;
1910 Private collection of George Arnold Hearn [1835-1913], New York, NY
1907 ( Macbeth Gallery, The [1892-1953], [1935-1953] 11 East Fifty-seventh Street | [1924-1934] 15 East Fifty-seventh Street | [1906-1923] 450 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY | [1892-1905] 237 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY ) ;
1907 Emil Carlsen [1848-1932], the artist .

Exhibition History:
2001-2002 McKay Lodge, Oberlin, OH, September 6, 2001 – May 30, 2002.
1999-2001 Sunrise Museums Charleston, WV, “From Ship to Shore : Marine Paintings from the Butler Insitute of American Art”, February 7-April 18, 1999; Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, Kalamazoo, MI, May 9-July 4, 1999; Mint Museum ,Charlotte, NC, July 25-December 5, 1999; Montgomery Museum of Fine Art, Montgomery, AL, January 2-February 27, 2000; Mobile Museum of Art Mobile, AL, March 12-May 7, 2000; Museum at Stony Brook, Stonybrook, NY, May 28-August 6, 2000; Mitchell Art Gallery, Annapolis, MD, August 20-October 15, 2000; Muskegon Museum of Art, Muskegon, MI, November 5-December 31, 2000; Gibbes Museum of Art, Charleston, SC, January 21-March 18, 2001.
1989-1991 Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI, “Sounding the Depths: 150 Years of American Seascape”, June 15-August 27, 1989; Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi, TX September 23-November 26, 1989; The Orlando Museum of Art, Orlando, FL, December 15, 1989-February 14, 1990; Museum of Art, Science, and Industry, Inc., Bridgeport, CT, March 25-May 20, 1990; The Center for the Fine Arts, Miami, FL, June 17-August 21, 1990; The Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH, September 9-November 4,1990; Columbus Museum, Columbus, GA, December 2, 1990-January 27, 1991.
1988 Mansfield Art Center, Mansfield, OH, “The American Seascape”, March 6-April 3.
1923 Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, “Emil Carlsen Exhibition”, June 1-August 31.
1923 Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C., “Emil Carlsen Exhibition”, February 1-28.
1918 The Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “Twelfth Annual Exhibition of Selected Paintings by American Artists”, May 11-September 9.
1910 Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery (Gallery XIII), Buffalo, NY, “Exhibition of Paintings from the George A. Hearn Collection“, July? x-x.
1910 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY “On Loan”, Gallery 15, #C19-51.
1909 National Academy of Design, New York, NY, “Eighty-Fourth Annual Exhibition“, March 15 – April 17.
1908 Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, “The Twelfth Celebration of Founder’s Day“, April 20.
1908 Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, “12th Annual Exhibition”, January 1-31, Won: Carnegie Prize.
1908 Saint Botolph Club, Boston, MA, “Paintings by Emil Carlsen“, January 6-24.
1907 Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “Second Annual Exhibition of Selected Paintings by American Artists“, May 31 – September 1.

References/Citations:
– “Soren Emil Carlsen: The Hammershoi of Manhattan” by Kim Lykke Jensen, Narayana Press, Gylling, Denmark, 2008, illustrated: color, page 52, figure 34.
– “Emil Carlsen (1853-1932) As Landscape Painter: A Chronological Introduction to Some of the Major Works and Their Critical Reception” by Valerie Leeds, Spring, 1997.
– Sweetkind, Irene S. “Master Paintings from the Butler Institute of American Art”, New York, NY : Harry N. Abrams, 1994.
– “Archive of Works by Emil Carlsen Compiled by Dines Carlsen”, 24 pages, hand-drawn sketches and notes probably by Dines, provided by Linda Hay, c1960, illustrated: B&W, page 4.
– Bridgeman Art Library-License to Exploit the Paintings
– Warren, Joyce and Margaret Dickie. “Challenging Boundaries : Gender and Polarization”, Athens, GA : University of Georgia Press, 1999.
– License to Exploit Images. Worcester, MA : Davis Art Images, 2004.
– Butler, Joseph G. Catalogue of the Permanent Collection of American Art. Youngstown, OH : The Butler Art Institute, 1951
– Sweetkind, Irene S. The Butler Institute of American Art Index of the Permanent Collection. Youngstown, OH : The Butler Institute of American Art, 1997.
– The Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, Academy Notes, Volume XIII, January, 1918-October, 1918, pg. 88, illustrated pg. 90.
– Catalog of Paintings, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, Bryson Burroughs Curator, 1917, pg. 40, shown as Surf #C19-51, not illustrated.
– The Mentor, “American Sea Painters” by Arthur Hoeber, The Associated Newspaper School, New York, NY, July 7, 1913, Volume 1, Number 21, page 9-11, illustrated: b&w unnumbered page.
– Academy Notes, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “A Generous Gift“, July, 1910, Volume 5, Number 3, page 21-22, not illustrated.
– National Academy of Design, New York, NY, Exhibition Catalog, “Eighty-Fourth Annual Exhibition“, March 15 – April 17, 1909, #257, illustrated: B&W.
– The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY, “The Academy Exhibition“, March 20, 1909, Page 4.
– Academy Notes, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “Third Annual Exhibition Selected American Paintings at the Albright Art Gallery Third Paper“, August, 1908, Volume 4, Number 3, page 33-37, not illustrated.
– The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY, “Art Periodicals“, June 26, 1908, Page 7.
– Academy Notes, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “The Carnegie Exhibition“, June, 1908, Volume 4, Number 1, page 8-11, not illustrated.
– New York Times, New York, NY, “Native artists lead in Carnegie exhibit“, Sunday, May 3, 1908, page 8, not illustrated.
– Pittsburgh Daily Post, Pittsburgh, PA, “Noted men assist in the observance“, Friday, May 1, 1908, page 1, not illustrated.
– Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA, “Mr. Carnegie sends letter“, Friday, May 1, 1908, main edition, page 4, not illustrated.
– Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA, “Pictures selected for great exhibit“, Wednesday, April 15, 1908, main edition, page 20, not illustrated.
– Washington Times, Washington, DC, “Extended season pleases artists“, Sunday, June 30, 1907, first edition, page 34, not illustrated.
– Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, Exhibition Catalog, “The Twelfth Celebration of Founder’s Day“, April 20, 1908, #60, illustrated: b&w on page 60.
– Saint Botolph Club, Boston, MA, Exhibition Catalog, “Paintings by Emil Carlsen“, January 6-24, 1908, #8, not illustrated.
– Academy Notes, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “Second Annual Exhibition Selected American Paintings at the Albright Art Gallery Second Paper“, August, 1907, Volume 3, Number 3, page 33-39, illustrated: b&w photo on page 38.
– Academy Notes, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “Second Annual Exhibition Selected Paintings by American Artists“, June, 1907, Volume 3, Number 1, page 1-3, not illustrated.
– The Washington Times, Washington, DC, “Exhibitions to Continue All Summer in Buffalo and Worcester, Mass“, June 30, 1907, First Edition.
– Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, Exhibition Catalog, “Second Annual Exhibition of Selected Paintings by American Artists“, May 31 – September 1, 1907, #13, illustrated pg.6 (photograph of installation).
– The Washington Times, Washington, DC, “Emil Carlsen Made Journey To Maine To Finish Painting“, April 7, 1907, First Edition.

Related Works:

ECA Notes:
– Needs further proof to know if this is the Surf that was shown at Saint Botolph in 1908.
– Painted in Ogunquit, ME in 1907.

The Mentor, “American Sea Painters” by Arthur Hoeber, The Associated Newspaper School, New York, NY, July 7, 1913, Volume 1, Number 21, page 9-11, illustrated: b&w unnumbered page.
…”In the Metropolitan Museum of Art there hangs his large canvas, Surf, a work of dominating blue, a color that Mr. Carlsen has made quite his own by his loving treatment of it. Some rocks are in the left hand corner, over which the sea tumbles, breaks, sends up its spray, and subsides as it comes nearer land. The sky is a marvel of tenderness and lightness, the sense of pigment being quite absent. Strange blue greens manifest themselves in the ocean, with touches of pink and iridescent tints, until the whole work seems bathed in a dream of color.”…

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, NY, “The Academy Exhibition“, March 20, 1909, Page 4
“There is a capital surf scene by Emil Carlsen in which a giant wave spouts on high a cloud of foam against a rock in the foreground.”

– Academy Notes, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “Third Annual Exhibition Selected American Paintings at the Albright Art Gallery Third Paper“, August, 1908, Volume 4, Number 3, page 33-37, not illustrated.
“Mr. Carlsen has another picture in this gallery, in the center of the west wall, with the title, Summer Clouds. This is a marine view, with white-crested waves washing upon the beach, under a luminous blue sky filled with cumulus clouds full of sunlight and opalescent coloring. There is a freshness and crispness in this representation—and moisture in the air. As in the moonlight picture, we feel the very spirit of the scene and of the hour. Mr. Carlsen’s picture, The Surf, which will be remembered from last year’s exhibition, recently was awarded the Third Carnegie Medal and a $500 cash prize at the exhibition of the Carnegie Institute this year.”…

– Academy Notes, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “The Carnegie Exhibition“, June, 1908, Volume 4, Number 1, page 8-11, not illustrated.
…”There are several notably strong marine pictures by American artists.  The beautiful painting Surf, by Emil Carlsen—which was in the Second Annual Exhibition of Selected Paintings by American Artists at the Albright Art Gallery—won the third Carnegie medal and a cash prize of $500.  This work many persons last year thought should have been purchased from the permanent collection of the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy.  Mr. Sellstedt wrote a letter advocating this.”…

– New York Times, New York, NY, “Native artists lead in Carnegie exhibit“, Sunday, May 3, 1908, page 8, not illustrated.
…”To Emil Carlsen’s Surf, a strong, convincing picture of the sea, familiar in this city through previous exhibitions, went, as has already been announced, the third prize of $500…”…

– Academy Notes, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “Second Annual Exhibition Selected American Paintings at the Albright Art Gallery Second Paper“, August, 1907, Volume 3, Number 3, page 33-39, illustrated: b&w photo on page 38.
…”Standing in the center of gallery XIV one obtains the best view of the large painting, Surf, by Emil Carlsen, in the center of the west wall of gallery XV. There is in this work wonderful realistic quality, splendid color, and unusual largeness of grasp. Under a deep blue sky of exceptional luminosity, with patches of floating cloud, the sea, under a strong wind, breaks upon masses of rocks in the foreground at the left. Rarely has the force of the sea been represented so effectively, and still more rarely has it been portrayed so as to express so much beauty. One is impressed by the absolute truthfulness in the wave forms, in the character of the churning surf, and in the exquisite gradations of color in the water, ranging from pale green to deepest blue.”…

– Washington Times, Washington, DC, “Extended season pleases artists”, Sunday, June 30, 1907, first edition, page 34, not illustrated.
…”Conspicuous among the pictures formerly seen in Washlngton is Surf, by Emil Carlsen, a large painting which occupied the central wall space on the north wall of Gallery G. This is receiving in Buffalo a high degree of commendation. “…

– Academy Notes, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, “Second Annual Exhibition Selected Paintings by American Artists“, June, 1907, Volume 3, Number 1, page 1-3, not illustrated.
…”Emil Carlsen will be represented by a superb Still Life and the spirited ‘Surf’—which was in the Corcoran Gallery exhibition, and which is one of the nest pictures that has been painted in this country!”…

The Washington Times, Washington, DC, “Exhibitions to Continue All Summer in Buffalo and Worcester, Mass“, June 30, 1907, First Edition
“…Conspicuous among the pictures formerly seen in Washington is Surf by Emil Carlsen, a large painting which occupied the central wall space on the north wall of Gallery G. This is receiving in Buffalo a high degree of commendation…”

Price History:
1923 – $5,000 USD (insurance value) [worth $69,599.71 2014]
1923 – $1,000 USD (insurance value) [worth $13,919.94 2014]

Document Information

Document Permalink:
http://emilcarlsen.org/work/?p=4236

Digital-born Document Number:
ECA.2014.4236

Digital Document Provenance:
Original compiled and researched document by the Emil Carlsen Archives, 266 West 21st Street, Suite 4E, New York, NY 10011.

Document License:
Creative Commons Corporation  shareAlike (sa) license.  Some of the information contained within this document may hold further publication restrictions depending on final use.  It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine.

Image License:
The author of this artwork died more than 70 years ago. According to U.S. Copyright Law, copyright expires 70 years after the author’s death. In other countries, legislation may differ.

Record Birth Date:
August 1, 2014

Last Update:
February 22, 2017


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©2013-2017 Emil Carlsen Archives

Digital-born Publication Title: Emil Carlsen Archives
Publication Subtitle: World's Largest Visual Reference Dedicated to the Preservation of the Work of Danish-American Impressionist/Realist Painter, Emil Carlsen [1848-1932]
Library of Congress Subject Authority Heading: Carlsen, Emil, 1853-1932
Emil Carlsen LC control no.: n 85141186
Publication Type: Online Integrating Resource
Language: English
Creator/Author: Emil Carlsen Archives
Published by: Emil Carlsen Archives, 266 West 21st Street, New York, NY 10011
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