Folsom Galleries [1906-1924]
ECA Control Number: 15248
Record Level: Listing
Record Type: Private Art Gallery/Dealer
Auction House/Private Gallery Name: Bauer-Folsom Galleries
Aka: Folsom Galleries ; The Folsom Gallery
Folsom Galleries [1906-1907, 1909-1924]
Bauer-Folsom Galleries [1907–1909]
[1922-1924] 104 W. 57th Street, New York, NY
[1907-1922] 396 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 11215
[1906-1907] 11 East 33rd Street, New York, NY
“Arthur H. Folsom (1877-1944) and Folsom Galleries
Arthur Hanna Folsom was born 26 November 1877. He was the son of Samuel Winthrop Folsom (1844-1929) and Mary Emma Hanna (1846-1916). His parents married on 12 October 1875. Arthur graduated from the West High School of Cleveland, Adelbert College – Western Reserve University. In 1900, Arthur was living with his parents in Cleveland. He was 22 years old. By 1906 he had moved to New York City to become a Fifth Avenue art dealer.
In June of 1906, the New York Times reported on an exhibition of the artist Guy Wiggins. The paper mentioned that Arthur H. Folsom had “taken over” the “Modern Gallery” on East 33rd Street where the Wiggins exhibit was taking place. An earlier article, written in April 1906 in the New York Times, reported that the Modern Gallery was a “new hall” at 11 East 33rd Street; thus presumably only recently opened. This appears to be Arthur H. Folsom’s start in the New York art world. He would have been 29 years old.
From at least 1907-1909, Folsom appears to have been in partnership with an Otto Hudson Bauer (1870-1963), decorator, operating the “Bauer-Folsom Galleries” at 396 5th Avenue in New York City. Bauer had previously been listed in New York City directories as an artist in partnership with decorator Anson Dudley Bramhall in Bramhall & Company at 1133 Broadway. Bramhall & Company filed for bankruptcy in 1902 after Bramhall disappeared. Bramhall & Co. was said to be a leading decorating firm that had “large dealings with the most prominent architects for the highest style in decorative work.” They defaulted on over $30,000 in debt after Bramhall’s disappearance and went out of business.
By 1907 Bauer had become partners with Arthur H. Folsom. The cash account books of Samuel W. Folsom included in this archive show Samuel Folsom giving money to his son Arthur on several occasions in early 1907, to the A. H. Folsom Gallery. However in May of 1907, he gives $4000 to the Bauer-Folsom Galleries, which would appear to be the start-up money for Arthur to become partners in this gallery.
In May 1909, the New York papers again announced that Folsom has taken over a gallery (Bauer-Folsom) and the gallery will now be known as “Folsom Galleries,” but it was still located at the same address, “opposite Tiffany’s.” Samuel Folsom’s account books show that he sent money to his son for “Folsom Galleries” in July 1909. Bauer appears to have stayed in New York City working as a decorator contractor. Folsom would be listed at first as the president, treasurer, and director of Folsom Galleries, with his home at 14 E. 28th Street. Arthur’s father Samuel, who lived in Cleveland, was later listed as one of the directors along with his son of the gallery. At one point “Hy. S. Cook” was listed as secretary for the Folsom Galleries.
The Folsom Galleries was considered an important gallery for American art in the early Twentieth Century, especially with American impressionist painters and the various other “schools” of art that were emerging in New York City. The gallery offered a place for artists to meet and discuss the nascent avant-garde scene. The gallery was in business at from at least 1909 to 1924 (listed in New York City papers and directories), possibly longer. Evidence in this collection shows it being open during this time period as well. In 1922 the gallery was listed at 104 W. 57th Street. Arthur H. Folsom was listed as an art dealer until at least to 1930, when he was listed as an art dealer on a passenger ship manifest.
Folsom offered exhibitions of American impressionist painters from as early as 1910. The gallery loaned paintings of American impressionist Emil Carlsen (1853-1932) to the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy in that year. They conducted an exhibition of the works of American modernist painter Alfred H. Maurer (1868-1932) in January 1913; landscape painter Allen Tucker (1866-1939) in November 1913; painter Roswell Morse Shurtleff (1838-1915) in January 1914; portraitist Howard Logan Hildebrandt (1872-1958) in March of 1915; painter Nathaniel Cobb (1879-1932) in March of 1916; American impressionist painters William H. Singer (1868-1943) and Louis Ritman (1889-1963) in Feb – March 1918; Boston School painter William McGregor Paxton (1869-1941) in February 1919; American impressionist landscaper painter Daniel Garber (1880-1958) in March 1919; and then another exhibit of William H. Singer in March-April 1921. Singer is seen regularly in weekly business statements in this collection as receiving payments from Folsom Galleries, among other artists’, but not as often as Singer.
The gallery offered many other exhibits of painters, sculptors, as well as exhibits of ancient and medieval art, which they apparently also sold. The gallery in 1920 offered the first solo exhibition of modernist sculptor John Henry Bradley Storrs (1885-1956), who had studied with and befriended Auguste Rodin. The gallery also offered an exhibition of “cowboy artist” Charles M. Russell in April of 1911. There is a receipt in the ephemera collection made out to Mrs. C.M. Russell for casting a sculpture, as well as his name appearing receiving payments from the gallery in the weekly statements.
In addition to the American impressionists, the Folsom Galleries was also instrumental in exhibiting various schools of art of New York City’s art scene. They also offered the first and third exhibitions of “The Eclectics” in 1915 and 1918 respectfully. Organized by James Britton “The Eclectics,” was an exhibiting group of painters and sculptors that at various times included Theresa Bernstein, Guy Pene du Bois, Walter Griffin, Philip L. Hale, Eugene Higgins, George Luks, Jane Peterson, Maurice Prendergast, Mahonri Young, and others.
The first two exhibitions of “The Pastellists” were held at the Folsom Galleries. The Pastellists was an organization of artists that formed in New York at the end of 1910 for the purpose of exhibiting artwork produced in the medium of pastel. The group helped organize four exhibitions in New York between 1910 and 1914 before disbanding in 1915. Some Pastellist members are credited with the initial idea for the exhibition that later became the 1913 Armory Show, the first major exhibition of European modernism in America. Some of the artists in this group were: Robert Henri, Mary Cassatt, Leon Dabo, Jerome Myers, Everett Shinn, Arthur Bowen Davies, Walt Kuhn, Juliet Thompson, and others. Leon Dabo (1864-1960) was considered the leader of this group. The first two exhibitions met with good reviews and high attendance. The New York Times said the second show “surpasses in interest its predecessor, which certainly was sufficiently charming.” A “striking and important” work was L’enfant a l’orange by Mary Cassatt; Big Wave Design by Arthur Bowen Davies had “vigor and free handling, with the addition of a feeling for great rhythms”.
In 1915, Folsom Galleries offered an exhibition of a group called “The American Salon of Humorists” organized by Louis Baury. The exhibition included the work of Robert Henri, John Sloan, William Glackens, George Bellows, Arthur Young, Stuart Davis, and others, including a number of artists who were regular contributors to The Masses, a New York City graphically innovative magazine of socialist politics published from 1911 until 1917.
Arthur Hanna Folsom was listed as retired when he filed his WWII draft registration in 1942. He died soon after on 30 October 1944 at New York City. His remains were taken back to Cleveland, Ohio to be buried at Riverside Cemetery.”
Citation: “Michael Brown Rare Books > Folsom galleries archive.” Michael Brown rare books. Update unknown. Accessed July 14, 2017. http://mbamericana.com/folsom-galleries-archive
WORKS BY EMIL CARLSEN EXHIBITED OR SOLD
LIST OF EXHIBITIONS (4)
AFTER CARLSEN’S DEATH (0)
DURING CARLSEN’S LIFETIME (3)
1910 Bauer-Folsom Galleries, New York, NY, “Paintings by Emil Carlsen“, March 5-11.
1909 Bauer-Folsom Galleries, New York, NY, “Paintings by Emil Carlsen“, March 30 – April 10.
1908 Bauer-Folsom Galleries, New York, NY, “Paintings by Emil Carlsen and Sculpture by Clara Hill“, March 6 – April 10.
LOAN EXHIBITIONS (1)
1910 Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY,”A Collection of Paintings and Sketches by Emil Carlsen Lent by the Folsom Galleries, New York, NY“, March 18 – April 13.
Digital-born Document Number:
Digital Document Provenance:
Original compiled and researched document by the Emil Carlsen Archives, 266 West 21st Street, Suite 4E, New York, NY 10011.
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The author of this artwork died more than 70 years ago. According to U.S. Copyright Law, copyright expires 70 years after the author’s death. In other countries, legislation may differ.
Record Birth Date:
October 01, 2016
Last updated: July 14, 2017 at 20:32 pm